Interesting stats, just out of the press.
Nonsense. Rephrase as: At least 19.9% did not understand the term "computer program".
Why nonsense? I suppose that most of those did it at school...
At school? Which country would that be?
I did some programming in middle school (logo) and in high school (pascal). This was in Italy 25 years ago... I guess/hope it didn't stop then!
In the eighties, yes, we had that too (Denmark). For a short while thre was this idea that "computers are the future" and that you needed programming skille in order to handle one.
Sadly, most of it was misguided and soon discontinued. Today, I don't know any school doing such stuff.
My first comment really meant: I'd be surprised if 20% of any population can even give a coherent explanation of what a "computer program" is.
I understood what you meant, and I hope that at least younger people understand what a computer program is... but I admit that I didn't check the latest school curricula.
By the way, the 8 bit home computers of the eighties were in my opinion an incredibly good gym for learning to program - when one of my programming professors at university asked me how I would improve his first year course, I suggested to teach machine code programming of a 6502 or Z80 CPU :)
We had some python programming at school with some library that could draw rudimentary 2d graphics. This was about 8 years ago in Belgium.